What is Insomnia?

Along with stress and anxiety, insomnia is one of the most common lifestyle issues. Nearly 60 million Americans suffer from insomnia, a staggering number considering sleep is one of the most vital processes we go through each day.

Insomnia means you can’t fall asleep even though the opportunity is there; your body is willing, but your mind says “not now.”

There are two types of insomnia: Acute and Chronic. Acute insomnia is short-term and usually results from unexpected circumstances, such as the death of a loved one or an upcoming exam. It typically resolves within a few days or weeks, once the triggering life circumstance normalizes.

Chronic insomnia occurs when you cannot sleep for at least three nights a week and it lasts for about three weeks or more. This type of insomnia can be caused by changes in your environment, unhealthy sleep habits, shift work, or certain medications.

Good quality sleep is essential because it helps us relax, refresh, and revitalize our minds and bodies. Sleep is also necessary for the repair and maintenance of vital body functions. A lack of adequate sleep can have adverse effects on our normal daily functioning.

Although insomnia affects different people in different ways, there are several things to look for in particular. Here are some common symptoms & effects of insomnia.


Can’t get to sleep

Mind working on overload

Waking up too early

Don’t feel refreshed in the morning

Worry about not sleeping

Waking up during the night


Tired during the day




Increased errors


Difficulty concentrating


how to sleep better

Here are some ways to sleep better:

1) Avoid consuming caffeine, smoking cigarettes, or drinking alcohol before bedtime. Caffeine and nicotine are stimulants and should be avoided for at least four hours before bedtime. Although alcohol might initially make you feel sleepy, it disrupts your sleep cycle after a few hours, making it difficult to return to sleep.

2) Refrain from engaging in exciting video games or watching intense movies just before bedtime, as they can stimulate your mind and make it harder to fall asleep.

3) Avoid eating large meals late in the evening. Going to bed on a full stomach can delay sleep, especially if your meal is high in carbohydrates. Aim to eat dinner at least two to three hours before bedtime.

4) Some medications can cause insomnia. If you’re taking such medications, consult your doctor to see if you can adjust the timing of the dose to minimize sleep disruption, or if there’s an alternative medication that won’t affect your sleep as much.

5) Anxiety and worrying about not getting enough sleep can, paradoxically, keep you awake. Visit our Anxiety page for tips and techniques on how to manage anxiety effectively.

6) Environmental changes or a fluctuating schedule can also affect sleep. If you travel frequently, consider bringing your own pillow to maintain a sense of familiarity. For those working night shifts, investing in light-blocking curtains can create a conducive sleeping environment even during the day. Establishing and adhering to a consistent sleep schedule can also significantly improve sleep quality.

7) Traumatic life events can lead to insomnia. Healing takes time, and it may be a while before you return to a normal sleeping routine. Sitting quietly, listening to calming music, and allowing your mind to relax can significantly aid in the healing process.

8) Depression impacts every aspect of your life, including sleep. To learn more about depression and its effect on sleep, visit our Depression page.

9) Stress, awareness, and sleep are deeply interconnected. The more stress you experience during the day, the less aware you become, negatively impacting your sleep quality. Conversely, increased awareness throughout the day can reduce stress levels, leading to better sleep. Enhancing your daily awareness through simple mindfulness exercises can significantly improve your sleep quality.

10) Attempting to simply shut down your mind at night after a day filled with stress and anxiety is ineffective. If you generate excessive thoughts, experience disturbances, and feel stressed during the day, these issues will likely persist into your sleep. The key to sleeping well lies in managing your thoughts, desires, and emotions throughout the day. The way you live during the day profoundly influences how you sleep at night.

If you find yourself lying awake in bed, struggling to fall asleep, here are a few strategies you might try:

1) Perform a controlled breathing exercise: exhale slowly and completely, then inhale fully and hold the breath for a few seconds before exhaling fully again. Establish a count of seconds for both the exhales and inhales. This focused breathing exercise will distract you from the fact that you can’t fall asleep. Oxygenating your body when you can’t sleep is incredibly beneficial.

2) Try to stay awake. (Employing reverse psychology here can sometimes trick your mind into feeling sleepy.)

3)Read something light or not overly stimulating to gently ease your mind into a state of relaxation.

4) Listen to pleasant, soothing music to calm your nerves and create a conducive sleep environment.

5) Meditate to calm your thought processes. Sit in a comfortable position, close your eyes, and simply observe your breath. If thoughts intrude, merely acknowledge them without engaging. Continue this meditation until you feel your mind relax, then try lying down to sleep again.

Books By Nirvana

The Silent Path

Even some of the most generally accepted realities of life, such as society, religion, family, politics, success and failure, are all, at the end of the day, just ideas. If there is anything real to life, it emanates from within us. Growing up is simply a process of discovering how much of what we call life is shaped by our own unique individuality.

In “The Silent Path”, enlightened teacher Nirvana (Avi) gives us a hard-hitting message of finding our own individual path to freedom. He strips life down to its bare essentials, providing a systematic and scientific approach to self-transformation. Even at the risk of stepping on the toes of certain deeply held institutional beliefs, he answers the questions of seekers with unmatched honesty and openness.

In Search of I

Are you curious about the practice of meditation, but unsure about where to begin? Look no further than “In Search of I – The Alchemy of Meditation”, a guidebook that demystifies meditation and shows you how to make it an integral part of your life.

In this book, enlightened teacher Nirvana (Avi) takes you on a magical journey through the labyrinth of meditation, answering some of the most important questions you may have about this ancient practice. Avi uses simple, easy-to-understand language to explain the benefits of meditation, as well as what it can and cannot do for you.

Where The Hell Are You Going?

The present is not just a moment. It is a reality of its own that does not belong to time. It is next to impossible for the human mind to understand the present, for it dwells only in the past or the future. Perhaps this is why, as human beings – creatures bound to the mind – we struggle to comprehend the sheer magnanimity of mindfulness, the subtle art of being here and now.

In this fascinating deep dive into the world of the “Now,” enlightened teacher Nirvana (Avi) takes us on a magical journey through the labyrinth of the mind – its fears and afflictions, desires and disappointments – to a place pulsing with pure peace, bliss, and aliveness: the eternal now.

The reason we often miss the magic of the present moment is that it seems like too simple a solution for life’s complex problems. Yet, many times, it is the simplest things that are the hardest to understand. Navigating the mysterious realm of the now takes knowledge and skill. Who better to guide us on this magnificent journey than a realized teacher whose dwelling is the present moment?

*Disclaimer: This page offers suggestions for handling insomnia. We do not guarantee specific results and the results can vary.

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